Birth defects are caused by a wide range of factors. It can be a hereditary abnormality, meaning, the defect has been inherited from the parents or ancestors. At the same time, the defect can also be a result of chromosomal disorder. Traits are detected by the time of fertilization. When an error occurs, a chromosomal abnormality occurs and results to birth defects. Common birth abnormalities such as Tay-Sachs and Down Syndrome can be given treatment more conveniently. However, rare birth defects, sometimes need more attention given the fact that treatment for such kind of abnormalities still remain limited. These defects vary both in intensity and in characterization. In the web for instance, photos of birth defects, can show us a variation of how birth defects manifest in the body. In these article, we will share with you a list of some rare birth defects.
Aglossia – If a baby has Aglossia, he is born without a tongue. Such kind of anomaly is common among those who have congenital and developmental problems particularly those in the cranio-facial area and the limbs.
Albinism – This abnormality is the congenital absence of melanin. Characterized by either a total lack or partial lack of melanin pigment in the hair, skin and the eyes. More often than not, those affected with this condition suffer visual difficulties like sensitivity to glare and bright lights.
Anencephaly – This congenital defect is characterized by the absence of the spinal chord and the brain. To date, there remains no cure or standard treatment for this defect. Most of the babies born with Anencephaly do not survive birth.
Aniridia – Babies born with Aniridia are born without an iris at birth. Most of the time, this occurs in both eyes. This is associated with a poor development either at the back of the eye or right in the retina which prevents the normal vision development.
Brachydactylia – This is an abnormal condition which characterizes short fingers.
Cleft foot and hand – This is a rare inherited anomaly which comes with a split or lobster foot and hand. In this case, a single cleft even extends promixally into the hand and the foot. This occurs in the conjunction with the clawing of the hands.
Club foot – This is another congenital foot deformity wherein the foot is twisted and down. There remains no treatment for this abnormality which is why patients are forced to walk either on their ankles or on the sides of the feet.
Heterochromia – This is an ocular condition wherein one iris is in different color from the other iris.
Darwinian ear – Another congenital deformity concerning a deformity on the helix of the ear.
Chromatelopsia – This is a condition of color-blindness. This is a visual defect wherein colorless objects appear tinged with color.
Polydatyly – This condition can be treated surgically among infants. This is characterized by the presence of additional fingers and toes.
While it remains difficult to tell whether or not you are prone to giving birth to an infant with birth defect. The good part is that some of these malformations can now be treated medically. However, still, some of these congenital rare birth defects offer no medical solution to date. Given this, it is very important that you take a prenatal examination prior to pregnancy to help ensure a safer delivery and healthier baby.