To date, every expecting Mom could only hope for a healthy baby. The good part about it; however, is that there are a wide range of prevention techniques that can be done to help prevent childhood birth defects. In order for you to do that, first, you need to understand what childhood birth defects are, what the types of birth defects are and how they happen.
Childhood birth defects are functional and structural abnormalities present at the time of birth. This can cause mental or physical disability. In some cases, it can result to the combination of two. Some birth defects can even be fatal causing the patient to die at a young age, maybe during his teens.
Studies have found out about a thousand types of birth defects. Today, child birth defects remain the number one cause of infant mortality and among one-year-old's. Birth abnormalities have been attributed to a wide range of causes. First, when a gene does not seem to work properly or when it is missing, genetic problems may arise. Second, problems with chromosomes such as having an more than what or lesser than what is actually needed can also cause abnormalities. All environmental factors to which every pregnant woman is exposed to can play a vital role in the development of the fetus as well. These includes drug and alcohol intake, smoking, German measles and many others.
At present, two main types of child birth defects have been identified: structural abnormalities and the functional defects. Structural genetic defects concern abnormalities with the body and its parts. The most common of which include heart defects, club foot, abnormal limbs, cleft lip or cleft palate. This can also be in the form of neural tube defects like spina bifida and other problems which relate to the development of the spinal cord and the brain.
On the other hand, functional birth defects are abnormalities on how the body works. Oftentimes, these are referred to as developmental disabilities. Problems with the nervous system and the brain is among the common developmental abnormalities which can result to difficulty in speaking, trouble in moving, convulsion, mental retardation, behavioral disorders and learning disabilities. Other birth defects which can hit the nervous system are Down Syndrome, Autism, Prader-Willi syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome. Another type of functional disability are the sensory problems. This can include cataracts, hearing difficulties and blindness along with other visual difficulties. Functional disability, on the other hand, are metabolic disorders. Such disability involves a chemical reaction like conditions that can cause malfunction to the body when getting rid of harmful chemicals and waste materials. The most common metabolic disorders include hypothyroidism and phenylketonuria. The third type of functional abnormality are degenerative disorders. These are conditions which become very obvious during birth. More often than not, they cause one's health to get worse steadily.
In other cases, birth abnormalities come as a combination of either of the factors. Abnormalities recognized at the time of work oftentimes lead to structural and functional problems in the long run. Most of these abnormalities have treatments which vary in intensity depending on the type of disorder. - Which is why, if your baby was born with a child birth defect, it is very important that you see a physician as soon as you can to prevent the condition from worsening.